Helsinki Finland History
Helsinki is located on a peninsula surrounded by its beautiful natural harbour and stretching out into the Gulf of Finland. Located in the centre of the city, it can be stopped at any time of the day or night to enjoy a drink, a meal or even a night on the water.
Finland is located on the eastern side of the Baltic Sea, a little north of Russia and on the long border between Finland and Russia.
It took a while for the city to gain momentum in terms of population, but after the Russians moved the capital to Helsinki in the 19th century, the city was the former power center of Finland. Finland became independent in 1917 and Helsinki was named its capital. At that time Helsinki became the capital of autonomous Finland after Czar Alexander I left Turku, which faced Sweden on the south and west coasts of Finland.
The subsequent military occupation of Finland by Russia was known in Finland as the "Great Wrath," and lasted until the Treaty of Nystad in 1721. It was not until 1809, after the Finnish War of 1808, that Finland was granted autonomy by the Russian King Alexander I and became what it is today. In addition to Finland, which inherited all these traditions intact, the autonomous state of the Grand Duchy of Finland was created.
The construction of the naval forts Sveaborg and Suomenlinna helped to improve Helsinki's status, but it was only when Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War of 1809 and Finland annexed it as an autonomous Grand Duchy in 1807 that Helsinki really began to emerge. The construction and expansion of Helsinki and the construction of a new city centre helped to improve its status and gradually weakened Swedes. Finland became a great principality, part of Russia, and Helsinki became its capital. Only when Finland was defeated and finally annexed by Russia into the autonomous Grand Duchy of the Finns (1808 - 1811) did this change. The construction of the naval fortress sveABorg contributed to an improvement in the status of Helsinki, but only after Russia had defeated Sweden and incorporated Finland into an autonomous state (the "Grand Duchess of Finland").
Swedish troops, who then left Finland and left the Finns behind to make peace with the Czar, left themselves to fend for themselves.
By the end of the following month, the Russians had landed and had taken control of all of Finland, with the exception of a small part of eastern Finland in the north and east. Sweden prevailed, however, as the 1323 Peace Treaty between Sweden and Novgorod assigned only eastern Finland to the Nov. Finland was part of Sweden, but was merged with Norway and Sweden to form Finland after the dissolution of the Kalmar Union in 1523.
In 1809, Alexander I of Russia conquered all of Finland, establishing it as a Grand Duchy. In 1811, Russia retook Finland and annexed it as an autonomous Grand Duchy, with the exception of a small part of eastern Finland in the north and east.
This was until November 1914, when the Finnish press published a report on the death of the head of state of the Grand Duchy of Finland, Alexander I. German domination was circumvented by the control of Finland in December 1918, when Finland emerged as an independent democratic republic. While northern Finland was transformed into the Imperial Commissariat for Finland and became one of the many agricultural areas that supplied the German army during its campaign, southern Finland became the state of the USSR and declared itself a Soviet Socialist Republic. Relatively untouched by World War II, Helsinki emerged relatively unscathed even during World War II, though its proximity to Russia made the years before the Cold War a troubled one.
In 1919, the parliament in Helsinki elected the first president of Finland, and the situation stabilised after a brief civil war. The Abo Academy (the only university in the country) moved to Helsinki, which eventually became the University of Helsingin Sanomat, one of the first public universities in the world. In 1919, the Academy, then a major university in Finland, moved its original location in Helsinki to its present location on the south side of the city.
The capital of Finland was proclaimed in 1812 and declared the capital of Finland, and the city began to develop even faster when the railway from Helsinki to Hamenlinna was built in 1862. In 1828, the University of Helsinki (Finland's only university founded in Turku in 1640) was moved to Helsinki and its headquarters moved from its original location on the north side of the city to the south side of Helsinki.
In 1323 Finland became a province of Sweden and Swedish laws were applied. Swedish colonists, meanwhile, emigrated in large numbers to Finland, and it became another province in Sweden. Meanwhile, Swedish settlers are migrating to Finland in greater numbers from other parts of Scandinavia, such as Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and the United States. In 1321, Sweden annexed Finland to the Kingdom of Norway and in 1322 Sweden; in 2013, the Kingdom of Finland annexed Norway.